The caracal is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and India. With their sleek, streamlined body, short, reddish gold coat, and dramatic markings on the face, caracals are among the most beautiful of wild cats. Also called the desert lynx, medium-sized caracals have no spots or stripes and have longer legs and a slimmer body than a true lynx.
The Pallas’s cat (Otocolobus manul), also called the Manul, is a small wild cat with a broad but fragmented distribution in the grasslands and montane steppes of Central Asia. It is negatively affected by habitat degradation, prey base decline, and hunting.
The rusty-spotted cat is one of the cat family’s smallest members, of which historical records are known only from India and Sri Lanka. The rusty-spotted cat is 35 to 48 centimetres (14 to 19 inch) in length, with a 15 to 30 centimetres (5.9 to 12 in) tail, and weighs only 0.9 to 1.6 kilograms (2.0 to 3.5 lb).
The serval is a wild cat native to Africa. They eat a great variety of prey, including rodents, birds, reptiles, frogs, and insects. They catch much of their prey by leaping high into the air and pouncing. They have also been seen using their long forelimbs to reach into burrows or to hook fish out of water.
The smallest cat species in Arabia, the sand cat (Felis margarita) is well adapted to its arid desert habitat, obtaining all the water it needs from its food. Prey capture is facilitated by the sand cat’s highly sensitive ears, which are large and triangular, and capable of detecting noises from other animals.
A lynx is any of the four species within the Lynx genus of medium-sized wild cats, which includes the bobcat. The name “lynx” originated in Middle English via Latin from the Greek word λύγξ, derived from the Indo-European root leuk- (“light, brightness”) in reference to the luminescence of its reflective eyes.
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